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Throid And Parathyroid Glands

A person with a parathyroid tumor may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, a person with a parathyroid tumor does not have any of these changes. The doctor may discover a problem if a blood test shows an increased level of calcium in the blood, a condition called hypercalcemia. Or, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition that is not a tumor.

  • Bone pain
  • Kidney problems, including pain in the upper back and excessive urination
  • Stomach pain
  • History of gastroduodenal ulcers, which are ulcers found in the stomach and/or small intestine
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • A lump in the neck
  • Insomnia, which is trouble sleeping
  • Malaise, a general feeling of discomfort or illness

How is Throid And Parathyroid Glands treated?

ON THIS PAGE: You will learn about how doctors describe a cancer’s growth or spread. This is called the stage. Use the menu to see other pages.

Staging is a way of describing where a cancerous tumor is located, if or where it has spread, and whether it is affecting other parts of the body.

Doctors use diagnostic tests to find out the cancer’s stage, so staging may not be complete until all of the tests are finished. Knowing the stage helps the doctor to decide what kind of treatment is best and can help predict a patient’s prognosis, which is the chance of recovery. There are different stage descriptions for different types of cancer. For parathyroid cancer, the cancer is typically described as localized, metastatic, or recurrent.

  • Localized. The cancer is only located in the parathyroid gland and has not spread to nearby tissues or organs.
  • Metastatic. The cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the head and neck area or to other parts of the body, such as the lungs, liver, or bone. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection.
  • Recurrent. Recurrent cancer is cancer that has come back after treatment. The most common place of recurrence is in the neck. If the cancer does return, there will be another round of tests to learn about the extent of the recurrence. These tests and scans are often similar to those done at the time of the original diagnosis.

Source: National Cancer Institute.

Information about the cancer’s stage will help the doctor recommend a specific treatment plan. The next section in this guide is Treatment Options. You may use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.   


We started as general oncosurgeons performing all cancer surgical procedures.